In AAFA's Asthma Capitals 2019 Report, we looked at eight risk factors that can affect asthma rates: poverty, lack of health insurance, poor air quality, pollen counts, long-term control medicine use, quick-relief medicine use, smoking laws, access to specialists.
You may need both long-term control medicines (sometimes called "controllers") and quick-relief medicines (sometimes called “rescue inhalers”) to manage your asthma. Controller medicines help prevent and control asthma symptoms. You may need to take this type of medicine every day for best results.
Types of controller medicines include inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). ICS medicines prevent and reduce airway swelling. They can also reduce mucus in the lungs. Combination inhaled medicines combine ICS with a long-acting beta agonist (LABA). LABAs open the airways by relaxing the smooth muscles around the airways.
Other types of controller medicines include biologics or leukotriene modifiers. Always work with your doctor to find the right medicine for you. Asthma controller medicines are prescribed for persistent cases of asthma.
For people with persistent asthma, controller medicines are essential to keeping symptoms under control. But they must be used regularly and consistently.