Programs

State Honor Roll 2016 logo&

MONTANA

Overall, Montana meets 11 of 23 core policy standards and two of 13 extra credit indicators. 

montana state icon
 

insert Text Here

Medication and Treatment Policies:

Meets four of 12 core policy standards in this category:

1. State requires physician’s written instructions to be on file to dispense prescription medication to students.
2. State policy ensures students’ right to self-carry and self-administer prescribed asthma medication.
3. State policy ensures students’ right to self-carry and self-administer prescribed anaphylaxis medication.
4. State policies or procedures shield school personnel from liability for unintended injuries.
5. State requires local school districts to create asthma and anaphylaxis medication policy and provides resources, guidelines and parameters.
6. State policy mandates schools to identify and maintain records for students with chronic conditions including asthma and anaphylaxis.
7. State requires a procedure updating health records periodically.
8. State requires that schools maintain asthma/allergy incident reports for reactions, attacks, and medications administered.
9. State requires a student health history form that includes asthma/allergy information to be maintained for each student.
10. State requires schools to have emergency protocols for asthma.
11. State requires schools to have emergency protocols for anaphylaxis.
12. Nurse-to-student ratio is 1:750 or better.

Meets zero of six extra credit indicators in this category:

A. State requires anaphylaxis epinephrine stocking and authority to administer in schools.
B. State requires or allows albuterol asthma medication stocking and authority to administer in schools.
C. State has or is preparing an explicit asthma program with policies, procedures and resources for schools to manage students with asthma.
D. State has or is preparing an explicit anaphylaxis program with policies, procedures and resources for schools to manage students with allergies.
E. State has adopted policy that each school will have one full-time nurse.
F. State has adopted policy that school districts provide case management for students with chronic health conditions such as asthma.

Awareness Policies:

Meets both core policy standards in this category:

13. State recognizes problem of asthma in schools and has begun to address it.
14. State recognizes problem of allergy in schools and has begun to address it.

Meets zero of two extra credit indicators in this category:

G. State sponsors or provides funding for staff training in asthma awareness covering school asthma program/policy and procedures.
H. State sponsors or provides funding for staff training in food allergies.

School Environment Policies:

Meets five of nine core policy standards in this category:

15. State has mandated that all schools must have Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) management policies.
16. State has adopted a policy requiring that districts and schools conduct periodic inspections ofheating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system & other items important in asthma/allergymanagement.
17. State has IAQ policies that include specific components important in asthma/allergy management (HVAC, HEPA, carpeting, pesticide use).
18. State recommends/requires that districts or schools use integrated pest management (IPM)techniques OR ban use of pesticides inside school.
19. State requires schools to notify parents of upcoming pesticide applications.
20. State limits school bus idling time and establishes proximity restrictions.
21. All smoking is prohibited in school buildings and on school grounds.
22. All smoking is prohibited on school buses and at school-related functions.
23. Tobacco use prevention is required in health education curriculum.

Meets two of five extra credit indicators in this category:

I. State makes funding or resources available for technical IAQ assistance to schools.
J. State recommends standards and programs to promote environmentally preferable materials for school construction, maintenance and cleaning.
K. State requires school facility design standards that include low emission construction materials,pollutant source controls, durable and easy to clean surfaces and floors, moisture/mold controls.
L. State has implemented or actively promotes diesel school bus engine retrofitting program.
M. State requires districts or schools to provide tobacco use cessation services to students.

Policy Gaps:

Identification and Reporting, Emergency Management, Nurse to Student Ratio

Noteworthy:

Asthma Medications, Epinephrine in Schools: In 2013, Montana enacted a law that allows public and non-public schools to maintain a stock supply of epinephrine for anaphylaxis emergencies.  The law requires schools to develop emergency protocols for epinephrine IF they maintain an epinephrine supply, including: schools are required to train authorized personnel on signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis, indications for administration of epinephrine, administration technique and the need for immediate access to an emergency responder; training is to be provided by a school nurse, certified health care professional or other health care professional; the epinephrine auto injector is to be kept in a secure, easily accessible location; and school employees.

Agents will not be liable for non-intentional injuries arising from administration of medications, including bronchodilators, inhaled corticosteroids, or auto-injectable epinephrine to a student. Montana S.B. 165

Outdoor Air Quality:  Montana used federal stimulus funding (from the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009) to power diesel emission reduction projects.  These included replacing an estimated 31 school buses with new, low emission buses.  Officials estimate 4.9 tons of pollution will be removed from the air annually.

Sources:

State Education Agency Website

State Legislature Website

Please view and download the full report