Asthma Medicine Database

 

Asthma Medicines

There is no cure for asthma, but it can be controlled with the right treatment plan. Your treatment plan will include avoiding asthma triggers and taking certain medicines. This chart allows you to search for and learn more about available asthma medicines. 

For proper use, talk to your health care provider or pharmacist or read the prescribing information for your medicines. The most common side effects are listed. For a full list of side effects of a medicine, visit the links under Prescribing Information. 

Note: “Flu” is listed as a side effect for some medicines. But these medicines do NOT cause the fluThe flu is a contagious respiratory infection caused by a virus. “Flu” may be listed as a side effect because it was reported as one during a drug’s clinical trials, and the FDA requires that it be listed as it was reported. But it may mean “flu-like symptoms” or “respiratory infections.” It is very important that you take your prescribed medicines as directed and get a flu shot every year. If you have any questions about side effects, talk to your health care provider.

The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America does not endorse a particular medicine or product.

Drug Information

Possible Side Effects

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Drug Name: Beclomethasone Dipropionate
Brand: QVAR® RediHaler™
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Inhaled corticosteroid
Form: Breath actuated inhaler
Prescribing Info: qvar.com
Notes:

Thrush
Hoarseness
Rash
Swelling of face or legs

Drug Name: Budesonide
Brand: Pulmicort Flexhaler®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Inhaled corticosteroid
Form: Dry powder inhaler
Prescribing Info: pulmicortflexhaler.com
Notes:

Nasal congestion
Sore throat
Nasal allergies
Viral upper respiratory tract infection
Thrush

Drug Name: Budesonide
Brand: Pulmicort RESPULES®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Inhaled corticosteroid
Form: Nebulizer solution
Prescribing Info: pulmicortrespules.com
Notes:

Respiratory infections
Runny nose
Cough
Viral infections
Viral irritation/inflammation of stomach and intestine
Ear infections
Nosebleed
Pink eye (conjunctivitis)
Rash

Drug Name: Ciclesonide
Brand: Alvesco®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Inhaled corticosteroid
Form: Metered dose inhaler
Prescribing Info: alvesco.us
Notes:

Headache
Swelling of nose and throat
Sinusitis
Throat pain
upper respiratory infection
Joint pain
Nasal congestion
Arm/leg/back pain

Drug Name: Fluticasone Propionate
Brand: Flovent® HFA
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Inhaled corticosteroid
Form: Metered dose inhaler
Prescribing Info: flovent.com
Notes:

Upper respiratory infection
Throat/sinus irritation
Headache
Diarrhea
Difficulty speaking
Cough

Drug Name: Fluticasone Propionate
Brand: Flovent® Diskus®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Inhaled corticosteroid
Form: Dry powder inhaler
Prescribing Info: flovent.com
Notes:

Upper respiratory tract infection
Throat
nose and/or sinus irritation
Nausea and vomiting
Cough and/or persistent cough
Fever
Headache
Upset stomach

Drug Name: Fluticasone Propionate
Brand: ArmonAir™ RespiClick®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Inhaled corticosteroid
Form: Dry powder inhaler
Prescribing Info: armonair.com
Notes:

Infection or inflammation of nose and throat
Upper respiratory infection
Thrush
Headache
Cough

Drug Name: Mometasone
Brand: Asmanex® Twisthaler®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Inhaled corticosteroid
Form: Dry powder inhaler
Prescribing Info: asmanex.com
Notes:

Headache
Nasal allergy symptoms
Sore throat
Upper respiratory infection
Sinus infection
Thrush
Painful menstrual periods
Muscle and bone pain
Back pain
Upset stomach

Drug Name: Mometasone Furoate HFA
Brand: Asmanex® HFA
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Inhaled corticosteroid
Form: Metered dose inhaler
Prescribing Info: asmanex.com
Notes:

Inflammation of the nose and throat
Headache
Inflammation of the sinuses
Bronchitis
Flu

Drug Name: Salmeterol Xinafoate
Brand: Serevent® Diskus®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Inhaled long-acting beta agonists
Form: Dry powder inhaler
Prescribing Info: gsksource.com/sereventdiskus
Notes:

Headache
  Nasal congestion
Throat irritation
Runny nose
Flu

Drug Name: Budesonide/Formoterol
Brand: Symbicort®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Combination inhaled medicines
Form: Metered dose inhaler
Prescribing Info: mysymbicort.com
Notes:

Throat irritation
Headache
Upper respiratory tract infection
Throat pain
Sinusitis
Flu
Back pain
Nasal congestion
Upset stomach
Vomiting
Thrush

Drug Name: Fluticasone Furoate/Vilanterol
Brand: BREO ELLIPTA®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Combination inhaled medicines
Form: Dry powder inhaler
Prescribing Info: mybreo.com
Notes:

Runny nose
Sore throat
Headache
Flu
Respiratory infection
Bronchitis
Sinus inflammation
Mouth and throat pain
Hoarseness and voice changes
Cough

Drug Name: Fluticasone Furoate/Umeclidinium/Vilanterol
Brand: TRELEGY ELLIPTA®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Combination inhaled medicines
Form: Dry powder inhaler
Prescribing Info: trelegy.com
Notes:

Upper respiratory infection
Pneumonia
Bronchitis
Thrush
Headache
Back pain
Joint pain
Flu
Sinus inflammation
Runny nose/sore throat
Constipation
Urinary tract infection
Nausea/vomiting/diarrhea
Mouth/throat pain
Cough
Hoarseness

Drug Name: Fluticasone/Salmeterol
Brand: ADVAIR® Diskus®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Combination inhaled medicines
Form: Dry powder inhaler
Prescribing Info: advair.com
Notes:

Upper respiratory tract infection
Throat irritation
Hoarseness and voice changes
Thrush
Bronchitis
Cough
Headache
Nausea and vomiting

Drug Name: Fluticasone/Salmeterol
Brand: ADVAIR® HFA
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Combination inhaled medicines
Form: Metered dose inhaler
Prescribing Info: advair.com
Notes:

Upper respiratory tract infection
Throat irritation
Hoarseness and voice changes
Thrush
Bronchitis
Cough
Headache
Nausea and vomiting

Drug Name: Fluticasone Propionate/Salmeterol
Brand: AirDuo RespiClick®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Combination inhaled medicines
Form: Dry powder inhaler
Prescribing Info: myairduo.com
Notes:

Infection of nose and throat
Thrush
Back pain
Headache
Cough

Drug Name: Mometasone/Formoterol
Brand: Dulera®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Combination inhaled medicines
Form: Metered dose inhaler
Prescribing Info: dulera.com
Notes:

Nose/throat inflammation
Sinus inflammation
Headache

Drug Name: Montelukast
Brand: Singulair®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Leukotriene modifiers
Form: Tablet<br> Chewable<br> Granules<br> Liquid
Prescribing Info: singulair.com
Notes:

Drowsiness
Hoarseness
Upset stomach
Tightness in lungs
Wheezing
Rash

Drug Name: Cromolyn Sodium
Brand: Generic
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Cromolyn Sodium
Form: Nebulizer solution
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Drowsiness
Hoarseness
Upset stomach
Tightness in lungs
Wheezing
Rash

Drug Name: Theophylline
Brand: Generic
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Theophylline
Form: Capsules<br>Elixir<br> IV solution<br> Tablet
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Nausea/vomiting
Stomach pain
Headache
Trouble sleeping
Diarrhea
Irritability Restlessness
Nervousness
Frequent urination

Drug Name: Theophylline
Brand: Aminophylline
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Theophylline
Form: Tablet
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Nausea/vomiting
Stomach pain
Headache
Trouble sleeping
Diarrhea
Irritability Restlessness
Nervousness
Frequent urination

Drug Name: Theophylline
Brand: Elixophyllin®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Theophylline
Form: Elixir
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Nausea/vomiting
Stomach pain
Headache
Trouble sleeping
Diarrhea
Irritability Restlessness
Nervousness
Frequent urination

Drug Name: Theophylline
Brand: Theo-24®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Theophylline
Form: Capsule
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Nausea/vomiting
Stomach pain
Headache
Trouble sleeping
Diarrhea
Irritability Restlessness
Nervousness
Frequent urination

Drug Name: Theophylline
Brand: Theochron
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Theophylline
Form: Tablet
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Nausea/vomiting
Stomach pain
Headache
Trouble sleeping
Diarrhea
Irritability Restlessness
Nervousness
Frequent urination

Drug Name: Theophylline
Brand: Uniphyl®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Theophylline
Form: Tablet
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Nausea/vomiting
Stomach pain
Headache
Trouble sleeping
Diarrhea
Irritability Restlessness
Nervousness
Frequent urination

Drug Name: Cortisone Acetate
Brand: Generic
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Oral corticosteroids
Form: Tablet
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Vision problems (like glaucoma)
Increased appetite
Nausea/vomiting
Weight gain/swelling
Shortness of breath
Severe depression/unusual thoughts or behavior
Seizures
Bloody or tarry stools
Coughing up blood
Increased heart rate
Severe stomach pain

Drug Name: Dexamethasone
Brand: Generic
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Oral corticosteroids
Form: Tablet<br> Liquid
Prescribing Info: boehringer-ingelheim.com
Notes:

Itching/hives
Vision problems
Nausea/vomiting
Weight gain/swelling
Moodiness
Skin color changes
Increase in heart rate

Drug Name: Hydrocortisone
Brand: Generic
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Oral corticosteroids
Form: Tablet<br> Liquid
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Vision problems
Weight gain/swelling
Bloody or tarry stools
Coughing up blood
Increased heart rate
Severe stomach pain
Increased heart rate/pressure

Drug Name: Hydrocortisone
Brand: Cortef®
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Oral corticosteroids
Form: Tablet<br> Liquid
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Vision problems
Weight gain/swelling
Bloody or tarry stools
Coughing up blood
Increased heart rate
Severe stomach pain
Increased heart rate/pressure

Drug Name: Methylprednisolone
Brand: Generic
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Oral corticosteroids
Form: Tablet
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Itching/hives
Increased appetite
Nausea/vomiting
Weight gain/swelling
Moodiness
Skin color changes
Decrease in urine
Shortness of breath

Drug Name: Methylprednisolone
Brand: Medrol
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Oral corticosteroids
Form: Tablet
Prescribing Info: pfizer.com/products/product-detail/medrol
Notes:

Itching/hives
Increased appetite
Nausea/vomiting
Weight gain/swelling
Moodiness
Skin color changes
Decrease in urine
Shortness of breath

Drug Name: Prednisolone
Brand: Generic
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Oral corticosteroids
Form: Dissolving tablet, Liquid
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Itching/hives
Vision problems
Nausea/vomiting
Weight gain/swelling
Moodiness
Skin color changes
Increase in heart rate

Drug Name: Prednisolone
Brand: Orapred ODT®
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Oral corticosteroids
Form: Dissolving tablet<br> Liquid
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Itching/hives
Vision problems
Nausea/vomiting
Weight gain/swelling
Moodiness
Skin color changes
Increase in heart rate

Drug Name: Prednisolone
Brand: Pediapred®
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Oral corticosteroids
Form: Dissolving tablet<br> Liquid
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Itching/hives
Vision problems
Nausea/vomiting
Weight gain/swelling
Moodiness
Skin color changes
Increase in heart rate

Drug Name: Prednisolone
Brand: Econopred®
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Oral corticosteroids
Form: Dissolving tablet<br> Liquid
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Itching/hives
Vision problems
Nausea/vomiting
Weight gain/swelling
Moodiness
Skin color changes
Increase in heart rate

Drug Name: Prednisone
Brand: Generic
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Oral corticosteroids
Form: Tablet<br> Liquid
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Itching/hives
Vision problems
Nausea/vomiting
Weight gain/swelling
Moodiness
Skin color changes
Increase in heart rate

Drug Name: Benralizumab
Brand: FASENRA®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Biologics
Form: Injection
Prescribing Info: fasenra.com
Notes:

Injection site reactions
Eye/eyelid swelling
redness and itching
Cold sores in mouth/lips

Drug Name: Mepolizumab
Brand: NUCALA®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Biologics
Form: Injection
Prescribing Info: nucala.com
Notes:

Headache
Injection site reactions
Back pain
Fatigue

Drug Name: Omalizumab
Brand: XOLAIR®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Biologics
Form: Injection
Prescribing Info: xolair.com
Notes:

Allergic reaction
Increased heart rate
Shortness of breath
Chest pain
Fever
Joint/muscle pain
Rash
Dizziness/fainting
Swollen/tender lymph nodes

Drug Name: Reslizumab
Brand: CINQAIR®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Biologics
Form: IV infusion
Prescribing Info: cinqair.com
Notes:

Throat pain

Drug Name: Albuterol Sulfate
Brand: ProAir RespiClick®
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Short-acting beta agonists
Form: Dry powder inhaler
Prescribing Info: proair.com
Notes:

Back pain
Body aches and pains
Upset stomach
Sinus headache
Urinary tract infection

Drug Name: Albuterol Sulfate
Brand: ProAir® HFA
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Short-acting beta agonists
Form: Metered dose inhaler
Prescribing Info: proairhfa.com
Notes:

Headache
Rapid heart beat
Pain
Dizziness
Irritation of the throat and nose

Drug Name: Albuterol Sulfate
Brand: Proventil® HFA
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Short-acting beta agonists
Form: Metered dose inhaler
Prescribing Info: proventilhfa.com
Notes:

Infection of the ears, nose and throat
Runny nose
Nausea
Tremor
Nervousness
Rapid heartbeat
Vomiting
Chest pain
Palpitations

Drug Name: Albuterol Sulfate
Brand: Ventolin® HFA
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Short-acting beta agonists
Form: Metered dose inhaler
Prescribing Info: ventolin.com
Notes:

Sore throat
Upper respiratory tract infection
including viral infection
Cough Muscle pain
Heart pounding/racing (palpitations)
Chest pain
Fast heart rate
Shakiness
Nervousness
Dizziness

Drug Name: Albuterol Sulfate
Brand: Generic
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Short-acting beta agonists
Form: Nebulizer solution
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Itching/hives
Irregular or rapid heartbeat
Nervousness
Muscle tremors

Drug Name: Albuterol Sulfate
Brand: AccuNeb®
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Short-acting beta agonists
Form: Nebulizer solution
Prescribing Info: mylan.com
Notes:

Itching/hives
Irregular or rapid heartbeat
Nervousness
Muscle tremors

Drug Name: Levalbuterol HCl
Brand: Xopenex HFA®
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Short-acting beta agonists
Form: Metered dose inhaler
Prescribing Info: xopenex.com
Notes:

Itching/hives
Irregular or rapid heartbeat
Nervousness
Muscle tremors

Drug Name: Ipratropium Bromide
Brand: ATROVENT® HFA
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Anticholinergics
Form: Metered dose inhaler
Prescribing Info: atrovent.com
Notes:

Bronchitis
Shortness of breath
Headache

Drug Name: Tiotropium Bromide
Brand: SPIRIVA® Respimat®
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Anticholinergics
Form: Metered dose inhaler
Prescribing Info: spiriva.com/asthma
Notes:

Sore throat
Headache
Bronchitis
Sinus infections

Drug Name: Ipratropium Bromide/Albuterol Sulfate
Brand: COMBIVENT® Respimat®
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Combination inhaled medicines
Form: Metered dose inhaler
Prescribing Info: www.combivent.com
Notes:

Infections of the ears
nose and throat
Runny nose
Cough
Bronchitis
Headache
Shortness of breath

Drug Name: Ipratropium Bromide/Albuterol Sulfate
Brand: DuoNeb®
Medicine Use: Quick-relief
Type Of Medicine: Combination inhaled medicines
Form: Nebulizer solution
Prescribing Info: mylan.com
Notes:

Headache
Dizziness
Nausea
Dry mouth
Shaking (tremors)
Nervousness
Constipation

Drug Name: Fluticasone Furoate
Brand: ARNUITY® ELLIPTA®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Inhaled corticosteroid
Form: Dry powder inhaler
Prescribing Info: arnuity.com/
Notes:

Runny nose and sore throat
Headache
Breathing problems (bronchitis)
Flu

Drug Name: Zafirlukast
Brand: Accolate®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Leukotriene modifiers
Form: Tablet
Prescribing Info:
Notes:

Headache
Sore throat
Trouble sleeping
Malaise
Nausea

Drug Name: Zileuton 
Brand: Zyflo CR®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Leukotriene modifiers
Form: Tablet
Prescribing Info: zyflocr.com
Notes:

Nose and throat irritation
Sinusitis
Upper respiratory infection
Throat pain
Headache
Muscle aches
Nausea
Diarrhea

Drug Name: Dupilumab
Brand: DUPIXENT®
Medicine Use: Long-term control
Type Of Medicine: Biologics
Form: Injection
Prescribing Info: dupixent.com/asthma
Notes: Dupilumab is also used to treat moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (eczema).

Injection site reactions
Pain in the throat (oropharyngeal pain)
Cold sores in mouth or on lips

Medical Review August 2018.

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